Purple Queen Anthias – (Pseudanthias tuka)
- Care Level: Moderate
- Temperament: Peaceful
- Diet: Carnivore
- Reef Safe: Yes
- Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
- Maximum Size: 3 inches
- Water Parameters: pH 8.1-8.4, Salinity 1.020-1.025, Temperature 72-78°F
Purple Queen Anthias – (Pseudanthias tuka)
The Purple Queen Anthias, also known as Pseudanthias tuka, is a beautiful saltwater fish species often found in the Indo-Pacific region. It is a popular choice for saltwater aquarium enthusiasts due to its vibrant colors and active nature. In this comprehensive guide, we will cover various aspects of keeping and caring for the Purple Queen Anthias in a saltwater aquarium.
The Purple Queen Anthias is typically found in coral-rich areas of lagoons and reef slopes. They prefer moderate water flow and ample hiding places within the aquarium, such as caves or live rock formations.
The Purple Queen Anthias is considered reef safe, meaning it can coexist with other reef inhabitants, including corals and invertebrates, without causing harm or damage.
The Purple Queen Anthias typically grows to a maximum size of around 3 inches in captivity. It is a relatively small fish species, making it suitable for smaller to medium-sized aquariums.
These fish have a peaceful temperament and are generally non-aggressive towards other tankmates. However, they can be territorial towards their own species, especially males.
Males and females of the Purple Queen Anthias exhibit distinct coloration. Males have a vibrant purple body with yellow accents, while females display a more subdued orange coloration.
The average lifespan of the Purple Queen Anthias is around 3-5 years in a well-maintained aquarium. Proper care, feeding, and suitable tank conditions can contribute to their longevity.
Diet in Aquariums
Purple Queen Anthias are carnivorous and primarily feed on zooplankton and small crustaceans in the wild. In an aquarium, they can be fed a varied diet consisting of high-quality frozen or live foods, such as brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and finely chopped seafood. It is essential to provide multiple feeding sessions throughout the day to ensure their nutritional needs are met.
When setting up the aquarium for Purple Queen Anthias, it is recommended to provide ample hiding places and open swimming spaces. The use of live rock formations, caves, and coral structures can offer suitable hiding spots and mimic their natural habitat. It is also advisable to maintain moderate water flow and ensure proper filtration to maintain optimal water quality.
Captive Bred Availability
The Purple Queen Anthias is occasionally available as captive-bred specimens in the aquarium trade. Captive-bred individuals are generally hardier and better acclimated to aquarium conditions compared to wild-caught specimens. When possible, choosing captive-bred fish is always a preferred option as it helps reduce the impact on wild populations.
Compatibility with Tankmates
Purple Queen Anthias can coexist with a variety of peaceful fish species, invertebrates, and corals in a well-maintained aquarium. However, caution should be exercised when keeping them with larger or more aggressive fish, as they can become targets of aggression. Suitable tankmates for the Purple Queen Anthias include:
- Clownfish – They are compatible due to their peaceful nature and similar water parameter requirements.
- Gobies – These small, bottom-dwelling fish can make excellent tankmates as they occupy different areas of the aquarium.
- Firefish – They are peaceful and add vibrant coloration to the aquarium, creating a visually appealing display.
- Cleaner Shrimp – These invertebrates can provide cleaning services to the Purple Queen Anthias, promoting overall tank health.
- Zoanthids – These are hardy coral species that can coexist with the Purple Queen Anthias, adding vibrant colors to the aquarium.
Other Common Names
The Purple Queen Anthias is also commonly known as the Royal Queen Anthias or the Sunset Anthias in the aquarium trade.
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Popular Questions and Answers
- Q: Can the Purple Queen Anthias be kept in a reef tank?
A: Yes, the Purple Queen Anthias is considered reef safe and can be kept in a reef tank without harming corals or invertebrates.
- Q: What is the recommended tank size for the Purple Queen Anthias?
A: A minimum tank size of 30 gallons is recommended to provide enough swimming space for the Purple Queen Anthias.
- Q: Are Purple Queen Anthias schooling fish?
A: Yes, they are known to form small schools in the wild and can be kept in groups of 3 or more individuals in the aquarium.
- Q: How often should the Purple Queen Anthias be fed?
A: They should be fed multiple times a day, ideally 2-3 small meals, to ensure they receive adequate nutrition.
- Q: Can Purple Queen Anthias change their sex?
A: Yes, in certain circumstances, dominant females can transition into males within a social hierarchy.
By following the recommended care guidelines and providing a suitable environment, the Purple Queen Anthias can thrive and add a vibrant touch to any saltwater aquarium.